A tale of Two historical villages in Madhubani - Bhowara and Mangrauni
According to Mr.LSSO Malley,in his Gazetteer published in 1907. Bhowara was a large village half a mile of south of Madhubani.It is said to have been established by Raghav Singh,one of the early ruler of Darbhanga Raj family who resided here till 1762 when Pratap Singh removed his houshold to Darbhanga.
It is also said that Allauddin Shah the last independent king of Bengal (1493-1518) had constructed the fort and a Mosque in Bhowara which is not traceable now.During the reign of emperor Aurangzeb, Raja Raghav Sing got the title of Raja in the year 1701 from the Nawab of Benga,when he used to reside here.
One mohall Bhowara ‘Raghav Nagar’ still exist in ward no-17 of Madhubani Municipality.Bhowara is a center of Khadi cloth products and weavers. Nawab Zainuddin Ahmad Khan,Son-in-low of Nawab Bengal Mahabat jung Aliwardi Khan came here and stayed for more than six months and subdued Raja Raghav Singh.when he had refused to pay tributes.The palace and the Kali Mandir where the present police line exists,was constructed by Maharaja Rameshwar Singh in around 1929.
Mangrauni is situated at distance of 3 miles in the northern side of Madhubani town.According Panjikars the village is more than a thousand years old.The original name of the village was"Mangalvani’’.The village has produced a number of scholars like Pandit Narsingh Tarkavagish,whose works have not been preserved.Another great scholar had come to this village and settled down.
His great son Pandit Rambhadra had five sons who were popularly known as ‘Panch Rudra Avtar’.Pandit Madhusudan had a son named Madan.Who is said to have great supernatural powers.He is known as the guru of the tantrik vidya and is respected by all the tantriks of India. One Pandit Shankar Dutta was the guru of great revolutionary leader 1857.Babu Kunwar Singh and Amar Singh of Arah. During the revolution of 1857 the British Army had come to this village to arrest them. In that sense the village is associated with the freedom struggle of the country.The village is associated with the Raj of Darbhanga as well as it was the house of in-laws of Sir Kameshwar Singh,the Maharaja of Darbhanga.