Now there may be a farming of water chestnut without thorns in Mithila region of Bihar in India.A species of water chestnut ‘paniphal’ seed was recently developed by the agricultural scientists at Makhana Research Centre of Darbhanga.
In the trial phase , research centres and agricultural labs and a handful of selective farmers have obtained good crop by sowing these new seeds of water chestnut aka paani-fal.
The research for this new species of water chestnut started in the Makhana Research Center in 2015.
Dr. Rajveer Sharma and Dr Indushekhar engaged in this research work have collected various species of water chestnut from different parts of the country including Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh.The brought seeds were examined interms of yield and quality.
They got success in developing water chestnuts without thorns on the plant samples they brought from Jabalpur for two consecutive years.
Subsequently, in September 2017, apart from one acre pond of Makhana Research Center , seeds of new species were cultivated in the agricultural laboratory located at Jalley.
It was distributed free of charge among a dozens of selected farmers nearby along with this.
Dr.Sharma says that farming of water chestnut was delayed by two months due to floods last year. This also delayed the new crop.But the yield was finally good.
‘ This species is definitely a boon for farmers’, says Dr.Anupama Kumari – an agricultural scientist at the centre.
Crop circle of water chestnut
The new species of thorn less water chestnuts are mainly red and green colour.
The main difference in this is that the thorns are standing on the upper layer of the old species of water chestnut.While there are no thorns in the new species.Its cultivation was started in June and July.
It is applied in on and a half feet of water.After this, the pesticides are sprayed.So that insects do not destroy the crop.
Taking out fruit from water chestnut begins in September and October.
A cost of about three to five thousand rupees comes in sowing seeds in one acre area.This area should produce around 1200 to 1400 kilograms of water chestnut.